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Getting out of crises: Environmental, social-ecological and evolutionary research is needed to avoid future risks of pandemics

Abstract : The implementation of One Health/EcoHealth/Planetary Health approaches has been identified as key (i) to address the strong interconnections between risk for pandemics, climate change and biodiversity loss and (ii) to develop and implement solutions to these interlinked crises. As a response to the multiple calls from scientists on that subject, we have here proposed seven long-term research questions regarding COVID-19 and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) that are based on effective integration of environmental, ecological, evolutionary, and social sciences to better anticipate and mitigate EIDs. Research needs cover the social ecology of infectious disease agents, their evolution, the determinants of susceptibility of humans and animals to infections, and the human and ecological factors accelerating infectious disease emergence. For comprehensive investigation, they include the development of nature-based solutions to interlinked global planetary crises, addressing ethical and philosophical questions regarding the relationship of humans to nature and regarding transformative changes to safeguard the environment and human health. In support of this research, we propose the implementation of innovative multidisciplinary facilities embedded in social ecosystems locally: ecological health observatories and living laboratories. This work was carried out in the frame of the European Community project HERA (www. HERAresearchEU.eu), which aims to set priorities for an environment, climate and health research agenda in the European Union by adopting a systemic approach in the face of global environmental change
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03373596
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Submitted on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 3:32:23 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:31:41 PM

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Delphine Destoumieux-Garzon, Franziska Matthies-Wiesler, Nicolas Bierne, Aurélie Binot, Jérôme Boissier, et al.. Getting out of crises: Environmental, social-ecological and evolutionary research is needed to avoid future risks of pandemics. Environment International, Elsevier, 2022, 158, pp.106915. ⟨10.1016/j.envint.2021.106915⟩. ⟨hal-03373596⟩

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