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Involvement of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa MexAB–OprM efflux pump in the secretion of the metallophore pseudopaline

Abstract : To overcome the metal restriction imposed by the host’s nutritional immunity, pathogenic bacteria use high metal affinity molecules called metallophores. Metallophore-mediated metal uptake pathways necessitate complex cycles of synthesis, secretion, and recovery of the metallophore across the bacterial envelope. We recently discovered staphylopine and pseudopaline, two members of a new family of broad-spectrum metallophores important for bacterial survival during infections. Here, we are expending the molecular understanding of the pseudopaline transport cycle across the diderm envelope of the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We first explored pseudopaline secretion by performing in vivo quantifications in various genetic backgrounds and revealed the specific involvement of the MexAB–OprM efflux pump in pseudopaline transport across the outer membrane. We then addressed the recovery part of the cycle by investigating the fate of the recaptured metal-loaded pseudopaline. To do so, we combined in vitro reconstitution experiments and in vivo phenotyping in absence of pseudopaline transporters to reveal the existence of a pseudopaline modification mechanism, possibly involved in the metal release following pseudopaline recovery. Overall, our data allowed us to provide an improved molecular model of secretion, recovery, and fate of this important metallophore by P. aeruginosa
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 3, 2020 - 8:42:06 AM
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Nicolas Oswaldo Gomez, Alexandre Tetard, Laurent Ouerdane, Clémentine Laffont, Catherine Brutesco, et al.. Involvement of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa MexAB–OprM efflux pump in the secretion of the metallophore pseudopaline. Molecular Microbiology, Wiley, 2020, ⟨10.1111/mmi.14600⟩. ⟨hal-02957366⟩

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