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Aqueduc et structures hydrauliques de la villa de Richeaume I à Puyloubier (Bouches-du-Rhône)

Abstract : A research excavation on the Richeaume I site (Puyloubier, Bouches-du-Rhône) took place between 1998 and 2003. This revealed the presence of a substantial villa, covering an area of 5 000 m2 that was occupied from the 1st century BC through to the 4th century AD. An aqueduct, which channelled water from a number of springs to the north of the site, supplied the site. A number of other sites that were initially settled during the late Iron Age surround Richeaume I. The archaeological remains excavated covered an area of 2 000 m2 and revealed elements of the agricultural and domestic areas of the villa, as well as hydrological structures (ornamental pond, water conduits, sewers, dykes, drains and aqueduct remains). This article presents an analysis of the hydrological structures discovered by geophysical survey, which were subsequently excavated, on the western side of the site between 315,94 m and 314,05 m above sea level. Within these structures (dyke, palaeochannel and sections of aqueduct) the most important element is an aqueduct that cannot be directly associated with the supply of water to the residential and agricultural parts of the villa upstream. The presence of this structure, which is characterised by a substantial slope, required the construction of a substantial foundation wall. Therefore, this structure could have been associated with the water supply to one of the adjacent buildings whose characteristics still need to be ascertained.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 9, 2020 - 9:52:45 AM
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Florence Mocci, Kevin Walsh, Vincent Dumas, Jean-Marie Gassend, Cécile Allinne, et al.. Aqueduc et structures hydrauliques de la villa de Richeaume I à Puyloubier (Bouches-du-Rhône). Gallia - Archéologie de la France antique, CNRS Éditions, 2005, Dossier : Aqueducs de la Gaule méditerranéenne, 62, pp.147-160. ⟨10.3406/galia.2005.3227⟩. ⟨hal-00277823⟩



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