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L’innovation sociale territorialisée : un levier de réappropriation du risque inondation par les habitants, l'exemple des crues rapides dans les territoires ruraux du Gard et du Vaucluse (France)

Abstract : Although much is expected of them, inhabitants, referred to as “citizens” in technocratic programs, are still abstract “entities” with oft underestimated psychosocial underpinnings. Nonetheless, adopting the appropriate behaviours in the case of an event is related to a balance between actionable individual resources and the institutional measures individuals are able to take. As such, this thesis aims to measure inhabitants’ capacities with more finesse, namely by mobilising territorialised social innovation with regard to a specific risk: flash floods in south-east France. To this effect, an interdisciplinary survey was conducted (geography of risks, environmental psychology and social design) by associating empirical and experimental data. A series of interviews (36 managers, 4 river unions, 29 victims) and questionnaires (689) provided better understanding of their respective visions of risk management. Managers were lucid but powerless in the face of multiple flaws in public policy, whereas inhabitants displayed a large gap between their behavioural intentions and their risk-related knowledge. These results led us to conduct a creative workshop in Sauve (Gard, France) that confirmed the potential collective action from the start can have in terms of appropriation by inhabitants. The conclusions drawn from this work led us to question the reality of inhabitants’ involvement and to identify ways to encourage evolution of the state-centred approaches that are still preferred today, despite the progressive decline of the welfare state, which adds another degree of complexity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 9:41:09 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02965183, version 1

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Béatrice Gisclard. L’innovation sociale territorialisée : un levier de réappropriation du risque inondation par les habitants, l'exemple des crues rapides dans les territoires ruraux du Gard et du Vaucluse (France). Géographie. Université d'Avignon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AVIG1182⟩. ⟨tel-02965183⟩

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